Animal Info - Eritrea


Contents

Threatened Species, Environmental and Social Data (Mammals, Biodiversity/Ecosystems, Population, Area, Economy), References and Links


Threatened Species

Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur in Eritrea and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals

  • Critically Endangered:
  • Endangered:
  • Vulnerable:
    • African Elephant (Loxodonta africana).
    • Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus).
    • Dorcas Gazelle (Gazella dorcas). 
    • Dugong (Dugong dugon).
    • Lesser Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros).
    • Lion (Panthera leo). 
    • Patrizi's Trident Leaf-nosed Bat (Asellia patrizii).
    • Red-fronted Gazelle (Gazella rufifrons).
    • Soemmerring's Gazelle (Gazella soemmerringii).
    • Sperm Whale (Physeter catodon).
    • Spotted-necked Otter (Lutra maculicollis). 

Environmental and Social Data

Mammals

Total number of species: 112 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of endemic species: 0 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of threatened species: 1996: 6 (5 % of total species) (IUCN 1996); 2000: 13 (12 % of total species) (IUCN 2000) 13

Biodiversity/Ecosystems

Eritrea contains portions of the Sudanian Savannas, Red Sea Fog Woodlands, and Ethiopian Highlands Global 200 Ecoregions (Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999)

Population

Population in 1995: 3,531,000 (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population density in 1995: 29.1 people/sq km (75.4 people/sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population in 1998: 3,842,436 (World Almanac 1999)

Area

Area: 121,320 sq km (46,842 sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)

Economy

Per capita GDP ($ U.S.) (1996): $570 (World Almanac 1999)


References and Links

References: Groombridge & Jenkins 1994, IUCN 1996, IUCN 2000, IUCN 2004, Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995, Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999, World Almanac 1999

General Links (After you get to one of these sites, click on the link for Eritrea): CIA World Factbook, Foreign Embassies of Washington, D.C., Library of Congress - Country Studies, University of Texas - Country Maps, Washington Post - Countries, World Resources Institute - Country Profiles


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Last modified: April 17, 2006;

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