Animal Info - Kazakhstan

(Part of the former Soviet Union)


Contents

Threatened Species, Environmental and Social Data (Mammals, Biodiversity/Ecosystems, Population, Area, Economy), References and Links


Threatened Species

Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur in Kazakhstan and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals

  • Endangered:
  • Vulnerable:
    • Argali (Ovis ammon).
    • Asiatic Wild Ass (Equus hemionus).
    • Caspian Seal (Phoca caspica).
    • Dhole (Cuon alpinus). 
    • Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra). 
    • Five-toed Pygmy Jerboa (Cardiocranius paradoxus).
    • Geoffroy's Bat (Myotis emarginatus).
    • Giant Mole Rat (Spalax giganteus).
    • Lesser Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros). 
    • Mediterranean Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus euryale). 
    • Menzbier's Marmot (Marmota menzbieri).
    • Pond Bat (Myotis dasycneme).
    • Russian Desman (Desmana moschata).
    • Steppe Pika (Ochotona pusilla).
    • Thick-tailed Pygmy Jerboa (Salpingotus crassicauda).
  • Other:

Environmental and Social Data

Mammals

Number of endemic species: 4 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of threatened species: 1996: 15 (IUCN 1996); 2000: 18 (IUCN 2000

Biodiversity/Ecosystems

Kazakhstan contains portions of the Altai-Sayan Montane Forests, Middle Asian Mountains Temperate Forests, Central Asian Sandy Deserts, and Volga River Delta Global 200 Ecoregions (Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999)

Population

Population in 1995: 16,876,000 (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population density in 1995: 6.2 people/sq km (16.1 people/sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population in 1998: 16,846,808 (World Almanac 1999)

Area

Area: 2,716,999 sq km (1,049.039 sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)

Economy

Per capita GNP ($ U.S.) (1991): $2,026 (WRI 1994)
Per capita GDP ($ U.S.) (1996): $2,880 (World Almanac 1999)


References and Links

References: Groombridge & Jenkins 1994, IUCN 1994, IUCN 1996, IUCN 2000IUCN 2004, Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995, Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999, World Almanac 1999, WRI 1994

General Links (After you get to one of these sites, click on the link for Kazakhstan): CIA World Factbook, Foreign Embassies of Washington, D.C., Library of Congress - Country Studies, University of Texas - Country Maps, Washington Post - Countries, World Resources Institute - Country Profiles 

Links for Kazakhstan: Kazakhstan InformationTurkic Republics and Communities, U.S. Agency for International Development Programs - Kazakhstan


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Last modified: November 5, 2005;

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