Animal Info - Tanzania

Contents

Threatened Species, Environmental and Social Data (Mammals, Biodiversity/Ecosystems, Population, Area/Land Use, Protected Lands, Economy, Education), References and Links


Threatened Species

Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur in Tanzania and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals

  • Critically Endangered:
    • Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis).
    • Desperate Shrew (Crocidura desperata). (Endemic to Tanzania.)
    • Pemba Flying Fox (Pteropus voeltzkowi). (Endemic to Tanzania.)
    • Peters's Musk Shrew (Crocidura gracilipes).
    • Telford's Shrew (Crocidura telfordi). (Endemic to Tanzania.)
  • Endangered:
    • Aders' Duiker (Cephalophus adersi).
    • Black-and-rufous Elephant Shrew (Rhynchocyon petersi).
    • Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus).
    • Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes).
    • Fin Whale (Balaenoptera physalus).
    • Geata Mouse Shrew (Myosorex geata). (Endemic to Tanzania.)
    • Giant African Water Shrew (Potamogale velox).
    • Rondo Dwarf Galago (Galago rondoensis). (Endemic to Tanzania.)  
    • Sei Whale (Balaenoptera borealis).
    • Wild Dog (Lycaon pictus).
    • Zanzibar Red Colobus (Procolobus kirkii). (Endemic to Tanzania.) 
  • Vulnerable:
    • Abbott's Duiker (Cephalophus spadix). (Endemic to Tanzania.)
    • African Elephant (Loxodonta africana).
    • Checkered Sengi (Rhynchocyon cirnei).
    • Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus).
    • Dugong (Dugong dugon).
    • Dwarf Multimammate Mouse (Mastomys pernanus).
    • East African Collared Fruit Bat (Myonycteris relicta).
    • Eastern Tree Hyrax (Dendrohyrax validus).
    • Elgon Shrew (Crocidura elgonius).
    • Fischer's Shrew (Crocidura fischeri).
    • Highland Shrew (Crocidura allex).
    • Hildegarde's Tomb Bat (Taphozous hildergardeae).
    • Howell's Shrew (Sylvisorex howelli). (Endemic to Tanzania.)
    • Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae).
    • Large-eared Free-tailed Bat (Otomops martiensseni).
    • Lesser Hamster-rat (Beamys hindei).
    • Lion (Panthera leo).
    • Red Bush Squirrel (Paraxerus palliatus).
    • Rombo Shrew (Crocidura monax).
    • Sperm Whale (Physeter catodon).
    • Spotted-necked Otter (Lutra maculicollis). 
    • Springhare (Pedetes capensis).
    • Svynnerton's Bush Squirrel (Paraxerus vexillarius). (Endemic to Tanzania.)
    • Tanzanian Shrew (Crocidura tansaniana). (Endemic to Tanzania.)
    • Uhehe Red Colobus (Procolobus gordonorum). (Endemic to Tanzania.) 
    • Usambara Shrew (Crocidura usambarae). (Endemic to Tanzania.)
    • Vermiculate Shrew (Crocidura xantippe).

Environmental and Social Data

Mammals

Total number of species: 322 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of endemic species: 14 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of threatened species: 1996: 33 (10 % of total species) (IUCN 1996); 2000: 43 (13 % of total species) (IUCN 2000)

Biodiversity/Ecosystems

Tanzania contains portions of the Eastern Arc Montane Forests, East African Coastal Forests, Albertine Rift Highland Forests, East African Highland Forests, Zambezian Woodlands & Savannas, East African Acacia Savannas, East African Moorlands, Zambezian Montane Savannas & Woodlands, Rift Valley Lakes, East African Mangroves, and East African Marine Ecosystems Global 200 Ecoregions (Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999)

Population

Population in 1995: 28,463,000 (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population density in 1995: 30.1 people/sq km (78.0 people/sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population in 1998: 30,608,769 (World Almanac 1999)
Average population growth rate, 1980 - 1990: 3.1 % (World Bank 1992)

Area/Land Use

Area: 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Percentages of primary world ecosystem types:

  • Other Coastal Aquatic: 7 %
  • Grass and Shrub: 31 %
  • Crop and Settlements: 14 %
  • Interrupted Woods: 17 %
  • Major Forests: 30 %
(Groombridge 1992)

Percent of land area classified as the following degree of human disturbance: Low: 41 %, Medium: 43 %, High: 16 %, (WRI 1994)

Protected Lands

Area: 130,000 sq km (50,180 sq mi) (Groombridge 1992)
Percent of land protected: 4.16 % totally protected, 9.67 % partially protected, 13.83 % totally or partially protected (Groombridge 1992)

Economy

Per capita GNP ($ U.S.) (1991): $95 (WRI 1994)
Per capita GDP ($ U.S.) (1996): $650 (World Almanac 1999)

Education

Percent of females in secondary education (1989): 4 % (World Bank 1992)


References and Links

References: Groombridge 1992, Groombridge & Jenkins 1994, IUCN 1994, IUCN 1996, IUCN 2000, IUCN 2004, Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995, Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999, World Almanac 1999, World Bank 1992, WRI 1994

General Links (After you get to one of these sites, click on the link for Tanzania): CIA World Factbook, Foreign Embassies of Washington, D.C., Library of Congress - Country Studies, University of Texas - Country Maps, Washington Post - Countries, World Resources Institute - Country ProfilesLinks for TanzaniaTanzanian Mammal Key 


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Last modified: January 10, 2006

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