Animal Info - Turkmenistan

(Part of the former Soviet Union)


Contents

Threatened Species, Environmental and Social Data (Mammals, Biodiversity/Ecosystems, Population, Area, Economy), References and Links


Threatened Species

Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur in Turkmenistan and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals

  • Endangered:
    • Markhor (Capra falconeri).
    • Tiger (Panthera tigris). 
    • Zarudny's Jird (Meriones zarudnyi).
  • Vulnerable:
    • Argali (Ovis ammon). 
    • Asiatic Wild Ass (Equus hemionus).
    • Caspian Seal (Phoca caspica).
    • Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra). 
    • Geoffroy's Bat (Myotis emarginatus).
    • Lesser Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros).
    • Mediterranean Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus euryale).
    • Mouflon (Ovis orientalis).
    • Ognev's dormouse (Myomimus personatus).
    • Wild Goat (Capra aegagrus).

Environmental and Social Data

Mammals

Number of endemic species: 0 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Threatened species: 1996: 11 (IUCN 1996); 2000: 13 (IUCN 2000

Biodiversity/Ecosystems

Turkmenistan contains portions of the Middle Asian Mountains Temperate Forests and the Central Asian Sandy Deserts Global 200 Ecoregions (Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999)

Population

Population in 1995: 4,471,000 (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population density in 1995: 9.2 people/sq km (23.7 people/sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population in 1998: 4,297,629 (World Almanac 1999)

Area

Area: 488,000 sq km (188,418 sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)

Economy

Per capita GNP ($ U.S.) (1991): $1,439 (WRI 1994)
Per capita GDP ($ U.S.) (1996): $2,840 (World Almanac 1999)


References and Links

References: Groombridge & Jenkins 1994, IUCN 1994, IUCN 1996, IUCN 2000IUCN 2004, Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995, Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999, World Almanac 1999, WRI 1994

General Links (After you get to one of these sites, click on the link for Turkmenistan): CIA World Factbook, Foreign Embassies of Washington, D.C., Library of Congress - Country Studies, University of Texas - Country Maps, Washington Post - Countries, World Resources Institute - Country Profiles 

Links for TurkmenistanPeace Corps Friends of Turkmenistan, EurasiaNet - Turkmenistan, U.S. Agency for International Development - Turkmenistan


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Last modified: April 17, 2006;

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