Animal Info - Glossary H
- 1) The natural characteristics of the area where an animal lives; 2) the particular location
where an animal normally lives.
- Habitat Selection
- Habitat selection by animals can occur at three different spatial scales:
at the largest scale, "first
order-selection" describes the types of habitats within the overall geographical
distribution of all of the animals in a species;
at the intermediate scale, "second-order selection" describes the
types of habitats selected for their home ranges
by individual animals; and at the finest scale, "third-order selection"
describes those habitats within
individual home ranges where the animals actually
spend the majority of their time. "Third-order selection" can be related to the use of "core areas"
within the home range. (Johnson
1980 cited in Dunstone et al.
- A group of females associated with one male - used in reference to polygamous
- Haul out
- Referring to an animal such as a seal pulling itself ashore.
- An area dominated by low-growing shrubs with woody stems and narrow leaves (e.g.
heather), which often predominate on acidic or upland soils.
- An animal, usually without young of its own, which contributes to the survival of the
offspring of others by behaving parentally towards the offspring.
- A plant that has little or no woody tissue and usually persists
only for a
single growing season.
- Referring to a plant that has little or no woody tissue and usually persists
only for a
single growing season.
- An animal that eats mainly plants or parts of plants.
- Hertz (Hz)
- A measurement unit used to describe the frequency of sound. One Hertz (Hz) equals one
cycle per second. The frequency of the note "A above middle C" on the piano is
440 Hz. The range of human hearing is generally between 16 and 20,000 Hz.
(20,000 Hz = 20 kilohertz)
- The production of microspores and megaspores (as in ferns and seed plants)..
- Heterozygosity - average
- Sum the number of heterozygous individuals for each gene,
divide this by the total number of individuals in the sample, and average over all genes.
- Referring to an individual in which the alleles of a
given gene are different.
- Remaining inactive for a period in the winter during which the normal physiological
process is significantly reduced, thus lowering the animal's energy requirements.
- See "Veld".
- The single specimen of the animals which is designated by an author to
represent the type of a species at the time the species is established.
- Home range
- There are a number of variations of the definition of "home
range"; e.g. 1) The area in which an animal normally lives, whether or not it defends the area from
other animals; 2) the area that an animal learns thoroughly and habitually
patrols; 3) the amount of land used by an animal throughout the year.
- The offspring of parents of different species.
- The process whereby animals of one genetic stock (e.g. an endangered species) breed with
animals of another genetic stock (e.g. another species, or domestic stocks of the same
species), resulting in hybrid offspring that have lost the pure genetic characteristics of
the original stock.
- Living or growing in moist places.
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Last modified: June 3, 2006;