Animal Info - Kozlov's Shrew

Sorex kozlovi

Status: Critically Endangered


Contents

1. Profile (Picture)
2. Tidbits
3. Status and Trends (IUCN Status, Countries Where Currently Found, History of Distribution, Threats and Reasons for Decline)
4. Data on Biology and Ecology (Size and Weight, Habitat, Age to Maturity, Gestation Period, Maximum Age, Diet, Behavior, Social Organization)
5. References


Profile

Picture: A related long-tailed shrew (Sorex araneus) attacking an earthworm (50 Kb GIF) (The Shrew (-ist's) Site)

The size of Kozlov's shrew has not been recorded. Shrews in the genus Sorex vary in size from about 50 - 100 mm (2 - 4"). They usually eat insects, worms and other small invertebrates. They can be active by day or night and do not become seasonally inactive. Shrews in the genus Sorex are generally solitary and highly aggressive towards each other. They have periods of deep sleep, but during their waking hours they are extremely active.

Kozlov's shrew has been found only at one location in eastern Tibet, China, in the vicinity of the Zi Qu River, a tributary of the Mekong River. It is restricted to relatively small patches of suitable habitat that are declining because of human encroachment.


Tidbits

*** Shrews in the genus Sorex are also known as "long-tailed shrews." The 68 species in this genus can be found in most of the temperate and arctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere.

*** Almost nothing is known about this species (Stone 1995).

*** The taxonomic status of Kozlov's shrew is uncertain. Some consider it to be a full species, while others consider it to be a subspecies of the Tibetan shrew, Sorex thibetanus.


Status and Trends

IUCN Status:

Countries Where Kozlov's Shrew Is Currently Found:

2004: Occurs in China. (IUCN 2004)

History of Distribution:

Kozlov's shrew has been found only at one location in eastern Tibet, China, in the vicinity of the Zi Qu River, a tributary of the Mekong River (Lancang Jiang).

Threats and Reasons for Decline:

Kozlov's shrew is restricted to relatively small patches of suitable habitat that are declining because of human encroachment (Nowak 1999).


Data on Biology and Ecology

Size and Weight:

Shrews in the genus Sorex vary in size (head and body length: 46 - 100 mm (1.8 - 4")) and weight (2.1 - 18 g (0.08 - 0.6 oz)).

Habitat:

Occurs near rivers and streams.

Kozlov's shrew is one of the species that live in the Mountains of Southwest China Biodiversity Hotspot (Cons. Intl.).

Age to Maturity:

Females usually breed first in the Spring of their second year.

Gestation Period:

Gestation in the genus Sorex is thought to range from 18 - 26 days (Nowak 1999).

Maximum Age:

Usually 1 - 2 years.

Diet:

Shrews in the genus Sorex usually eat insects, worms and other small invertebrates.

Behavior:

Shrews in the genus Sorex can be active by day or night and do not become seasonally inactive.  They have periods of deep sleep, but during their waking hours they are extremely active. The young sometimes travel by caravaning. (Nowak 1999)

Kozlov's shrew is possibly aquatic given the river location where the species is recorded (IUCN 2004).

Social Organization:

Shrews in the genus Sorex are generally solitary and highly aggressive towards each other. 


References

Cons. Intl., IUCN 1996, IUCN 2000, IUCN 2003a, IUCN 2004, Nowak 1999, The Shrew (-ist's) Site, Stone 1995, Wilson & Reeder 1993


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Last modified: January 4, 2005;

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