Animal Info - Yugoslavia

(Part of the former Yugoslavia)


Threatened Species, Environmental and Social Data (Mammals, Biodiversity/Ecosystems, Population, Area, Economy), References and Links

Threatened Species

Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur in Yugoslavia and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals

  • Critically Endangered:
  • Vulnerable:
    • Bechstein's Bat (Myotis bechsteini).
    • Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra). 
    • European Squirrel (Spermophilus citellus).
    • Geoffroy's Bat (Myotis emarginatus).
    • Lesser Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros).
    • Lesser Mole Rat (Nannospalax leucodon).
    • Long-fingered Bat (Myotis capaccinii).
    • Mediterranean Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus euryale).
    • Mehely's Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus mehelyi).
    • Western Barbastelle (Bat) (Barbastella barbastellus).

Environmental and Social Data


Threatened species: 1996: 12 (IUCN 1996); 2000: 11 (IUCN 2000)


Yugoslavia contains portions of the Mediterranean Shrublands & Woodlands Global 200 Ecoregion (Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999)
Yugoslavia contains portions of the Eastern Mediterranean Global Biodiversity Hotspot (Cons. Intl. 1999a)


Population in 1995: 10,849,000 (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population density in 1995: 106.2 people/sq km (275.0 people/sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population in 1998: 11,206,039 (World Almanac 1999)


Area: 102,175 sq km (39,450 sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)


Per capita GDP ($ U.S.) (1996): $1,900 (World Almanac 1999)

References and Links

References: Cons. Intl. 1999a, IUCN 1994, IUCN 1996IUCN 2000IUCN 2004, Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995, Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999, World Almanac 1999, WRI 1994

General Links (After you get to one of these sites, click on the link for Yugoslavia): CIA World Factbook, Foreign Embassies of Washington, D.C., Library of Congress - Country Studies, University of Texas - Country Maps, Washington Post - Countries, World Resources Institute - Country Profiles

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Last modified: April 4, 2005;

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