Animal Info - Cambodia

(Formerly Kampuchea)


Contents

Threatened Species, Environmental and Social Data (Mammals, Biodiversity/Ecosystems, Population, Area/Land Use, Economy, Education), References and Links


Threatened Species

Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur in Cambodia and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals

  • Critically Endangered:
  • Endangered:
    • Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus).
    • Banteng (Bos javanicus).
    • Black-shanked Douc (Pygathrix nigripes). 
    • Douc Monkey (Pygathrix nemaeus).
    • Particolored Flying Squirrel Species (Hylopetes alboniger).
    • Tiger (Panthera tigris).
  • Vulnerable:
    • Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus).
    • Asiatic Golden Cat (Catopuma temminckii).
    • Buff-cheeked Gibbon (Nomascus gabriellae). (Previously Hylobates gabriellae.)
    • Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa). 
    • Dhole (Cuon alpinus).
    • Dugong (Dugong dugon).
    • Eld's Deer (Cervus eldi).
    • Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra). 
    • Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus).
    • Gaur (Bos frontalis).
    • Hairy-nosed Otter (Lutra sumatrana).
    • Mainland Serow (Capricornis sumatraensis).
    • Malayan Tapir (Tapirus indicus). 
    • Marbled Cat (Pardofelis marmorata).
    • Northern Pigtail Macaque (Macaca leonina).
    • Pileated Gibbon (Hylobates pileatus).
    • Pygmy Loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus). 
    • Sikkim Rat (Rattus sikkimensis).
    • Smooth-coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata). 
    • Stumptail Macaque (Macaca arctoides).

Environmental and Social Data

Mammals

Total number of species: 117 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of endemic species: 0 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of threatened species: 1996: 21 (18 % of total species) (IUCN 1996); 2000: 26 (22 % of total species) (IUCN 2000

Biodiversity/Ecosystems

Cambodia contains portions of the Eastern Indochina Dry & Monsoon Forests, Mekong & Salween Rivers, and Mekong River Delta Mangroves Global 200 Ecoregions (Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999)

Population

Population in 1995: 10,561,000 (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population density in 1995: 58.3 people/sq km (151.1 people/sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population in 1998: 11,339,562 (World Almanac 1999)
Average population growth rate, 1980 - 1990: 2.6 % (World Bank 1992)

Area/Land Use

Area: 181,035 sq km (69,898 sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Percentages of primary world ecosystem types:

  • Other Coastal Aquatic: 7 %
  • Major Wetland: 4 %
  • Crop and Settlements: 19 %
  • Interrupted Woods: 5 %
  • Major Forests: 65 %

(Groombridge 1992)

Percent of land area classified as the following degree of human disturbance: Low: 22 %; Medium: 21 %; High: 57 % (WRI 1994)

Economy

Per capita GNP ($ U.S.) (1991): $202 (WRI 1994)
Per capita GDP ($ U.S.) (1996): $710 (World Almanac 1999)

Education

Percent adult literacy: Female: 22 % (1990), 23 % (1970); Male: 48 % (1990), ? % (1970) (WRI 1994)


References and Links

References: Groombridge 1992, Groombridge & Jenkins 1994, IUCN 1994, IUCN 1996, IUCN 2000IUCN 2004, Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995, Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999, Wemmer et al. 1998, World Almanac 1999, World Bank 1992, WRI 1994

General Links (After you get to one of these sites, click on the link for Cambodia): CIA World Factbook, Foreign Embassies of Washington, D.C., Library of Congress - Country Studies, University of Texas - Country Maps, Washington Post - Countries, World Resources Institute - Country ProfilesLinks for CambodiaUnited Nations Development Program - Cambodia, United Nations Environment Program - Cambodia


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Last modified: March 11, 2006;

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